Besides the traditional way of powering up a home through the fuse boxes, over the years, inventors have come up with ways to power your home, at least none other ways. Efficiency, global warming, less costly, convenience all play a role in these inventions. Now with at least nine different ways to power your home, homeowners are much happier. Because now they can save more money, contribute to protecting the ozone layer, and power their home perhaps a more fun way.The old traditional way of going through an electrical company to power your home may not be as enjoyable.
Nine Ways to Create Electricity at Home
This process consists of converting wind into electricity. Spinning blades repeatedly turn around a rotor which in turn spins a generator to create electricity.
To ensure that a wind turbine is ideal for your home, your property must get substantial winds. There may be some spots throughout your property that are much windier than others due to less interference (trees, sheds, houses, etc.). It would be best if you also considered the annual energy output needed to calculate which size wind turbine you’ll need for your preference. Depending on how much energy you and your family consume, it may not be too wise to use a smaller wind turbine when it is insufficient. For example, a 1.5 wind turbine is adequate for a home that requires 300 kilowatt-hours per month. If your home needs more, a 5–15 kilowatt-hours per month wind turbine is likely to be the right fit for you. A typical home uses about 900 kilowatt-hours per month.
The wind turbine is composed of four parts:
- A tower — The higher the tower, the more power the wind system can produce. The minimum height of a wind tower is 65 feet.
- The nacelle — Contains the inner workings of the turbine: the main drive shaft and the gearbox.
- Rotor blades — Can be made from lightweight materials such as fiberglass (with hollow core), woods, and aluminum.
- Utility box — Convert wind energy into electricity using this box.
This process consists of converting photons of the sunlight to transform into electricity eventually. Once the photons convert into direct current, it flows into an inverter, converts into alternating current. Once converted to AC, it is either transferred directly to your electric box or the grid connection.
- Directly to your electric box
This process includes first using your solar panels to convert sun photons into direct current. Second, transfers into the inverter to convert DC into AC. From this point, third, the inverter transfers electricity directly into the home while transferring to a battery for using electricity at night.
- Connected to the grid
This process includes the first two steps, but all electricity consumed is connected to the utility meter connected to the grid. The electrical company is well aware of the amount of electricity you’re using in your home and will charge you accordingly. However, you can transfer energy into a battery and perhaps use such stored energy instead of using the grid from time to time. You’ll lower your monthly bill with such a method.
What are the three types of solar panels
- Monocrystalline — Cut from one sheet of pure crystal of silicon
- Polycrystalline — Made from fragments of silicon crystal that are melted together
- Thin-film — Composed of non-crystalline silicon placed on top of glass, plastic, or metal
This process is mainly available to homeowners who have water flowing through their property( channels, pipelines, or penstocks). The system requires “moving” water to be converted into rotational energy to operate to its end goal of electricity.
The process consists of using water to make electricity. To convert, water has to move through turbines continuously then onto generators. The generators would transfer power into your home for use.
The moving water runs into the blades causing them to spin. The spinning blades release rotational energy into a generator which then converts that energy into AC electrical energy. From that point, it goes off to be used in homes and businesses.
The micro hydropower system usually generates up to 10 kilowatts of electricity which is enough electricity to power a home. To store the energy produced, connect a battery to the hydropower system to do so.
What are the components of a micro hydropower system
- Turbine — transforms energy of water into rotational energy
- Generator — converts rotational energy into electricity
- Wiring — delivers the electricity
This process consists of heat from deep down inside the Earth. This intensity of heat generates steam that is used to make electricity.
If you’ve ever dug a hole down into the Earth, the deeper you dig, the warmer the dirt. The core of the Earth is over 5,000 degrees, and the closer you dig towards it, the more the temperature of the ground increases. This heat has a name: geothermal energy.
The process of converting geothermal energy into electricity in detail consists of …
- Pumping hot water from deep underground through a well under high-pressure rates
- Lowering the pressure when it reaches the surface, converting it to steam in the process
- Spinning a turbine using the steam pressure which connects to a generator that produces electricity
- Cooling the steam in a cooling tower that condenses the steam back into water and then pumped back into Earth to restart the process again.
What are the components that make up a geothermal system?
- Production well — Extracts steam water from thousands of feet into the Earth.
- Steam pipelines — Where the extracted steam travels to its destinations
- Turbine — Steam is transferred into rotational energy
- Alternator — converts mechanical energy into alternating electric current.
- Transformer — Raises the voltage of the electrical current to transfer over to homes and businesses.
- Condenser: Returns any steam that exits the turbine to a liquid state.
- Cooling tower — Cools water produced from the steam condensing process and returning it to the Earth.
Solar water heaters
This process consists of the sun’s energy to heat water in your home that is then converted into electricity. Traditionally, water heaters are powered through gas, oil, or electricity.
To heat water in from thermal energy from the sun to then into an electrical conversion, the process starts with a…
- Collector — These panels are installed on the roof of a house and generate heat instead of electricity. The next step is…
- A heat exchange and storage tank — Once the fluids in the collectors heat up, it is then transferred through a heat exchanger (pipes) located inside the storage tank. The heat from the pipes is transferred to the water in the tank. This hot water is what you’re using throughout your home.
- Controller system — This part ensures that the storage tank doesn’t get too hot. Or it prevents cold water from cycling through the system during frigid weather.
- Thermoelectric stove generator — Uses heat to generate electricity. It consists of semiconductors that convert heat into a valuable DC power source. Power is stored in a battery for later use.
- Alternator — Convert DC power into AC.
Thermoelectric stove generators
As mentioned under solar water heaters, thermoelectric stove generators use heat to generate electricity. The process consists of semiconductors that convert electrical voltage from a temperature difference using a thermocouple (Seebeck effect). Electrical current is driven for a substantial power load for use.
The process of using a thermoelectric stove generator is simple. Place a generator on a powered stove or another high-temperature heat source, and conversion into electricity is underway.
What are the components of a thermoelectric generator?
- Semiconductor elements — Made of both p-type and n-type elements, processed to generate energy.
- Metal strips — Connects the p-type and n-type semiconductors electrically in series.
- Insulated ceramic plates — Reduces extreme thermal conductivity.
This process consists of converting biomass (plant or animal material) into electricity.
A boiler burns biomass and, in turn, produces high-pressure steam. This steam is transferred over through turbine blades (rotating). This rotation powers a generator which produces electricity.
The components that make up a biomass generator includes
- Biomass boiler — Converts biomass into steam
- Turbine — Extracts energy from steam and convert it into practical work
- Generator — Converts rotation into electricity
- Steam header — Supplies several pipes with steam
- Deaerator — removes dissolved gases from boiler feedwater to minimize corrosion
Biomass generators can convert biomass into both a liquid and a gaseous fuel. Types of biomass such as vegetable oils and animal fats can create biodiesel, which can be converted into steam. Biodiesel is used in cars, trucks, and tractor-trailers.
The terms biogas and biomass generators are used interchangeably. Bigas can be used just as natural gas can be used in stoves, lamps, and fuel engines. The methane within it is lower than natural gases, which contains 80–90%. Biogas contains 50–75% methane.
Methane is key to electricity generation. This chemical compound is what gas depends on for its energy content — the higher the menthane, the more energy of the gas.
Small biomass systems, typically used for homes, start producing power at 5 kilowatts on up.
This process consists of a gas-powered engine that runs an on-board alternator that generates electricity. The unit will also have power outlets that users can plug in whatever they choose. Petrol generators come in different power levels.
A typical portable generator contains the following primary components assembled onto a metal frame in a single unit:
- Internal combustion engine — Uses fuel to generate mechanical power
- Alternator — Converts direct electrical power into alternative electrical power
- Starter — Used to rotate the internal combustion engine so that it can run on its own
- Fuel tank — A container that is safe for flammable fluids
- Outlets — The source of electrical power used to plug-in appliances
Which way to create electricity in your home is the most efficient
The wind is considered the most efficient fuel for electricity. So, the answer to this question is wind turbines. It creates 1164% of original inputted wind into electricity.
What is the most cost-effective way to create electricity in your home
Solar and wind are considered the two cheapest sources of fuel for electricity conversion. Wind turbines save consumers $65-$200 per year. However, using a solar power system without using the grid can save you about $100 per month.
Creating electricity at home can save you quite a bit of money. With the know-how of nine ways of alternative ways of producing energy at home to the traditional power company, you can find yourself in another league. So much opportunity to expand your possibilities, take full charge of powering your house and have a more satisfying life while perhaps living off the grid. With the knowledge presented in this article, you can start today on the components needed to get started on creating electricity at your home. Or, you can visit your local hardware store or call a local installer about the method of creating electricity at home that you prefer.
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